Two hundred years ago, on 18 June 1815, the Battle of Waterloo was fought. Wellington’s triumphant “thin red line” defeated Napoleon on a battlefield close to Waterloo and the images of brave soldiers dressed in bright scarlet are among the most evocative in our history.
Those distinctive red coats were made from fabric produced here in Yorkshire by one of our great woollen mills – A W Hainsworth and Sons.
There are many fine, long-standing companies in the county but few can compare to the heritage of the Hainsworth Mill, which is not only one of the oldest firms in Yorkshire but also in Great Britain. Its fabrics continue to be used by the armed forces right up to the present day and the Queen’s Guards outside Buckingham Palace wear scarlet tunics made from Hainsworth fabric.
In this edition of Dalesman we visit this proud Yorkshire company, which continues to thrive in a world where most mills have been converted into flats.
Another significant anniversary marked this month is the signing of Magna Carta, which took place 800 years ago, on 15 June 1215. Of the twenty-five barons who signed this document, five were from Yorkshire.
As a result, events will take place across the county this month to commemorate a document widely considered to represent the foundation of democracy.
We have full details in this issue. Celebrate these two great anniversaries – and the arrival of summer – with this month’s Dalesman.
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Signed and sealed
Helen Johnson on celebrations to mark 800 years of the Magna Carta signing
Harry Gration heads to the North Yorkshire Moors Railway
Gravestones and ganseys Peter McGrath visits some of our coastal graveyards
Icons of Yorkshire: Fred Hoyle
Lynn Leadbeatter investigates a man who made a big bang in the science world
The makers of the cloth
Helen Johnson visits the mill that clothed the Waterloo soldiers 200 years ago
Ian McMillan shares a few home truths now it’s barbecue season
Pigs might fly: saying goodbye
We begin serialising the follow-up to the best-selling Inn at the Top
Dracula, old Nut and the urchin choir
Richard Bell traces the origins of a very famous hymn
Walking with Dalesman
A guided walk around the stunning Flamborough Head